[“src”:”https://www.excelsior.com.mx/media/storage/vivienleight01gale051113_g.jpg”,”opts”:”caption”:”Rhett Buttler (Clark Gable) y Scarlett O’Hara (Vivien Leigh), en un clu00e1sico de todos los tiempos ‘Gone With The Wind’ (‘Lo que el viento se llevu00f3’, de 1939). (Especial)”,”thumb”:”https://www.excelsior.com.mx/media/storage/image400x300/vivienleight01gale051113_g.jpg”,”src”:”https://www.excelsior.com.mx/media/storage/vivienleight06gale051113_g.jpg”,”opts”:”caption”:”Vivien Leigh encarnu00f3 a la perfecciu00f3n a Scarlett O’Hara, la bella joven acomodada y caprichosa del sur, que sabe muy bien que es la mu00e1s admirada del condado y sabe manejar a los hombres a su antojo. (Especial)”,”thumb”:”https://www.excelsior.com.mx/media/storage/image400x300/vivienleight06gale051113_g.jpg”,”src”:”https://www.excelsior.com.mx/media/storage/vivienleight02gale051113_g.jpg”,”opts”:”caption”:”Su rol de Scarlett O’Hara le valiu00f3 el Oscar a la Mejor Actriz. (Especial)”,”thumb”:”https://www.excelsior.com.mx/media/storage/image400x300/vivienleight02gale051113_g.jpg”,”src”:”https://www.excelsior.com.mx/media/storage/vivienleight03gale051113_g.jpg”,”opts”:”caption”:”Al lado de Marlon Brando, como Stanley Kowalski, Vivien Leigh consiguiu00f3 embolsar su segunda estatuilla Oscar, en el papel de Blanche DuBois en ‘A Streetcar Named Desire’ (‘Un tranvu00eda llamado deseo’, de 1951). (Especial)”,”thumb”:”https://www.excelsior.com.mx/media/storage/image400x300/vivienleight03gale051113_g.jpg”,”src”:”https://www.excelsior.com.mx/media/storage/vivienleight05gale051113_g.jpg”,”opts”:”caption”:”Vivien Leigh tuvo un fatal desenlace en el ocaso de su vida, al ser sometida a tratamientos de electroshock por un trastorno de bipolaridad mal diagnosticado. (Especial)”,”thumb”:”https://www.excelsior.com.mx/media/storage/image400x300/vivienleight05gale051113_g.jpg”,”src”:”https://www.excelsior.com.mx/media/storage/vivienleight07gale051113_g.jpg”,”opts”:”caption”:”Su inolvidable Scarlett Ou2019Hara la hizo pasar a la historia como la encarnaciu00f3n de la belleza tru00e1gica e impetuosa del sur de EU, cualidades que tambiu00e9n marcaron la vida real de Vivien Leigh. La obstinaciu00f3n y la rebeldu00eda que tambiu00e9n compartiu00f3 con el personaje le ayudaron a conseguir ese papel. (Especial)”,”thumb”:”https://www.excelsior.com.mx/media/storage/image400x300/vivienleight07gale051113_g.jpg”,”src”:”https://www.excelsior.com.mx/media/storage/vivienleight04gale051113_g.jpg”,”opts”:”caption”:”La famosa frase final de Rhett Butler: ‘Frankly my dear, I don’t give a damn’ a punto estuvo de no pasar la censura. David O. Selznick tuvo que pagar una suma de dinero a los censores para poder dejar la palabra ‘damn’ en la frase. (Especial)”,”thumb”:”https://www.excelsior.com.mx/media/storage/image400x300/vivienleight04gale051113_g.jpg”]
The woman who immortalized Scarlett O’Hara won a BAFTA, a Golden Globe, two awards del New York Film Critics Circle, un Tony as Best Actress in a musical in ‘Tovarich’ and two Oscar statuettes
MEXICO CITY, November 5.- With the acquisition of the personal archive of Viven Leigh, which includes 7,500 letters, a diary, photographs, theater scripts, annotations he made about his work, and even some of the awards, the Victoria & Albert Museum in London will commemorate the 100th anniversary of the birth of the British actress who conquered Hollywood with her beauty and talent.
The material – in which there are photographs taken by the actress, a guest book to the house that she shared with her husband Laurence Olivier and where are the rubrics of characters like Humphrey Bogart, Lauren Bacall, Orson Welles and Judy Garland, as well as letters with senders of figures such as Winston Churchill and the Queen mother– will be shown starting this month, coinciding with Leigh’s birthday.
“We want to rescue Vivien Leigh from the shadow of Laurence Olivier. She was, without a doubt, one of the most beautiful women of the twentieth century, and in some ways that was her greatest disability. I think this file is going to rewrite the biographies. It gives surprising details about his character, his intelligence, the breadth of interests and how hard he worked to prepare his roles in the cinema, “he explained in an interview for the Spanish newspaper. ABC, Keith Lodwick, conservador del Victoria & Albert Museum.
“Vivien Leigh is undoubtedly one of the biggest stars in cinema and theater and, together with Laurence Olivier, in the UK, she remains a true protagonist of her time. This collection not only represents the life of the legendary actress, but also allows us to know the social world and the spectacle that surrounded her through her personal annotations ”, Martin Roth, director of the London museum, pointed out for the same newspaper.
In addition to the exhibition, the museum also prepares a reading by the writer Jayne Sheridan entitled Vivien Leigh: Role Model Or Victim Figure, in which the story of the protagonist of The Waterloo Bridge.
Vivien Leigh: Gone with the Wind
Winner of two Oscar as Best Actress for her performance of Scarlett O’Hara on gone With the Wind (Gone With The Wind, from 1939) already Blanche DuBois on A Streetcar Named Desire (A Streetcar Named Desire, 1951), Vivien Leigh was born on November 5, 1913 in India, under the name of Vivian Mary Hartley, daughter of Ernest Hartley – British military – and Gertrude Mary Frances.
The actress had the opportunity to get on stage for the first time when she was three years old and her mother invited her to do a short reading of Little Bo Peep, in his amateur theater group. From an early age Vivien had the concern of acting, since at the age of six, when she entered school in London, England, she said that she wanted to be a great actress.
When she turned 18, and after traveling throughout Europe, her father enrolled her in the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London, after the girl revealed to her parents her concern to become an actress. In that same year, 1931, she met the one who would be her first husband and from whom she would take the last name Leigh, the lawyer Herbert Leigh Holman.
Beginning with small roles in plays and some films, the first step for the British to become a legend of world cinema was to adopt a stage name, which she decided to form with her first name – changing one to an e – and keeping the name her husband, with whom she had her daughter Suzzane.
Little by little the actress was making a name for herself. In 1937 he met the actor Laurence Olivier with whom he had an affair that ended in marriage in 1940, which lasted 20 years, placing them as the perfect couple. Just two years before Olivier and Leigh were married, she traveled to Los Angeles to convince David O. Selznick, a film producer, that she could play the role of Scarlett O’Hara in the movie they were planning gone With the Wind, tape that was trained in 1939.
A streetcar named Vivien Leigh
Her performance enshrined her before the gaze of the Academy Of Motion Picture Arts And Sciences, as Best Leading Actress, taking home her first award Oscar in 1940, something that was repeated again in 1951, when she was again recognized as Best Actress, now for her interpretation of Blanche DuBois on A Streetcar Named Desire.
The golden couple of Hollywood shared various work projects such as Romeo & Juliet, and Broadway; That Hamilton Woman, The School Of Scandal and The Skin Of Our Teeth, among others, however the bipolar disorder that Vivian Leigh suffered undermined the relationship with Olivier, which inevitably ended in divorce in 1960.
Leigh had a relationship with the also actor Jack Merivale, staying together for almost nine years, until a recurrent tuberculosis ended the life of the actress in July 1967.
The Indomitable woman
Although she was British, her unforgettable Scarlett O’Hara made her go down in history as the embodiment of the tragic and impetuous beauty of the American South, qualities that also shaped Vivien Leigh’s real life. The stubbornness and rebellion that he also shared with the character helped him land that role.
As unfortunate as the fate of that heroine was the future of the actress, several times subjected to electroshock treatments for a misdiagnosed bipolar disorder, according to José Madrid in the biography Vivien Leigh, The Tragedy of Scarlett O’Hara.
Leigh also demonstrated character when in 1957 he led a protest to save the Saint James Theater, for a project to build apartments, and even shouted into the House of Lords, prompting Winston Churchill to write him a letter admiring his courage and disapproving of their ways.
(With information from EFE)
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Excelsior in History: Vivien Leigh, 100 Years of Beauty