Washington and Mexico City in search of solutions to the migration crisis

“Stay at home, help is on the way”, US Vice President Kamala Harris said emphatically speaking to illegal immigrants during a two-day visit to Guatemala and Mexico which ended on Tuesday June 8 with the signing of a protocol agree with the Mexican government to contain the migration crisis. The memorandum between the two neighboring countries focuses on regional development and the fight against corruption in an attempt to stem the record flow of undocumented migrants to the United States.

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It is a message of “hope” that Harris, charged by Democratic President Joe Biden with the thorny issue of illegal immigration. In April, 178,600 illegal immigrants were arrested at the US border, the highest level in more than fifteen years; 82% of them came from Mexico and the “North Triangle” of Central America, formed by Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador.

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In the huge patio of the Presidential Palace in central Mexico City, Mme Harris attended the signing of this binational memorandum of understanding on Tuesday with Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (“AMLO”). After their tête-à-tête and a meeting with their respective advisers, the vice-president, who was on her first international trip since taking office in January, said she wanted to “Tackle the root causes of migration”. She clarified that “Hardly anyone wants to leave their country. People are fleeing violence and misery ”. The memorandum, that The world procured, commits the two countries to “Deepen [leur] cooperation for the benefit of El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras “, without specifying the targeted projects. But Washington has pledged to devote $ 4 billion to humanitarian and development programs for the countries of the “North Triangle”.

“Fight against trafficking”

The day before, in Guatemala, Kamala Harris had emphasized the “Regional fight against migrant smuggling”, after his meeting with the Guatemalan President, Alejandro Giammattei. His project provides for the creation of “Specialized groups” binational, based on the exchange of information. In January, the discovery of the charred bodies of 16 Guatemalans, shot dead in the state of Tamaulipas (northeastern Mexico), shed a harsh light on the fate of illegal immigrants in the hands of smugglers, often linked to organized crime.

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